One potential method of resolving this uncertainty is to create a “techno-economic model” (TEM). A TEM tries to understand what the economics of a technology will look like once the technology is fully implemented at scale. It takes inputs like the price of various feedstocks, the metabolic rates and doubling times of cells, the size of a bioreactor, etc. It outputs metrics like cost per pound of product, and amount of product produced for a period of time.
Source: Techno-Economic Models and Cultivated Meat — Robert Yaman